The Passover Dinner
Thursday night (early Friday) (Mark 14:12-17, Matthew 26:17-20, Luke 22:7-16, 24-30).
~6:00 PM Passover Meal at the “Upper Room.” This was probably catered or arranged ahead of time. It may have been held in a rented room near Mt. Zion or perhaps in a borrowed living room?
~6:30 PM Foot Washing by Jesus. (But who washed the feet of Jesus)? (John 13:1-20)
After Dinner Remarks by Jesus
The Betrayal of Judas and Judas leaves (Mark 14:17-21, Matthew 26:/1-25, Luke 22:21-23, John 13:21-30).
Institution of the New Covenant with Israel by Jesus (Mark 14:37-31, Matthew 26:31-35, Luke 22:31-38, John 13:31-38)
The Farewell Discourse of Jesus with his eleven disciples (John 13, 14)
Jesus and the Eleven then adjourn to the Garden of Gethsemane, on foot by way of vineyards to the South and East above the Hinnom Valley.
Jesus teaches on the Vine and the Branches (John 15, 16)
The High Priestly Prayer of Jesus, John 17
A Hymn was sung at the Mt. of Olives. The prayers of Jesus in the the Garden of Gethsemane followed.
Mark 14:26-42, Matthew 26:30-46, Luke 22:39-46, John 18:1
The Arrest of Jesus in the Garden of Gethsemane. (Mark 14:43-52, Matthew 26:47-56, Luke 22:47-53, John 18:2-12)
The Disciples Flee
All night illegal trials of Jesus (six total):
The Jewish Trial before Annas, the retired high priest then before Caiaphas, the current high priest and the Sanhedrin (John 18:12-23)
Night trials with mocking and demeaning (Mark 14:53-65, Matthew 26:57-68, Luke 22:54-65, John 18:24)
Peter denies Jesus three times (predawn) (Mark 14:54-72, Matthew 26:58-75, Luke 22:54-62, John 18:15-27)
The Remorse of Judas (Matthew 27:3-10, Acts 1:18-19)
Jesus before Pilate (First Appearance) (Mark 15:1-5, Matthew 27:2-14, Luke 23:1-5, John 18:28-38)
Jesus appears before Herod Antipas the Tetrarch (Luke 23:6-12, John 19:14)
Pilate (2nd appearance) (Mark 15:6-15, Matthew 27:15-26, Luke 23:13-25, John 18:39, 19:16)
Jesus Mocked by Roman Soldiers (6-9 AM) (Mark 15:16-19, Matthew 27:27-30)
Jesus carries the Cross to Golgotha. Simon of Cyrene assists (Mark 15:20-23, Matthew 27:31-34, Luke 23:26-33, John 18:16-17)
Friday 0900. Jesus Nailed to the Cross. Inscription posted (Mark 15:24-32, Matthew 27:35-44, Luke 23:33-43, John 18:18-37)
First Three Words from the Cross
Luke 23:34: Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do.
Luke 23:43: Truly, I say to you, today you will be with me in paradise.
John 19:26–27: Woman, behold your son. Son, behold your mother
The thief next to Jesus forgiven, (Luke 23:33-43)
Jesus the high priest becomes the sacrifice (Mark 15:33-37, Matthew 27:45-50, Luke 23:44-46, John 19:28-30)
Last Four Words of Jesus
Matthew 27:46 & Mark 15:34 My God, My God, why have you forsaken me?
John 19:28: I thirst.
John 19:30: It is finished. (From the Greek "Tetelestai" which is also translated "It is accomplished", or "It is complete".)
Luke 23:46: Father, into thy hands I commit my spirit.
Events at the time Jesus died
“Then, behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom; and the earth quaked, and the rocks were split, and the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised; and coming out of the graves after His resurrection, they went into the holy city and appeared to many.
So when the centurion and those with him, who were guarding Jesus, saw the earthquake and the things that had happened, they feared greatly, saying, “Truly this was the Son of God!” (Matthew 27:51-54)
(Mark 15:38-51, Matthew 27:51-56, Luke 23:45-49, John 19:31-42)
Permission to break legs of the three. Jesus is already dead. His five garments had been divided by the soldiers. (Jesus died naked).
A Centurion pierces the body of Jesus. Women take the body down and cover the body with a sheet or burial shroud. A tomb is borrowed from Joseph of Arimathea for the weekend. Spices brought to tomb by the women. Guards set. Tomb sealed
Sunset: The Sabbath came in at 6:00 PM. The women observed the Sabbath (rested) from Friday 6:00 PM to Saturday 6:00 PM.
(Mark 15:38-41, Matthew 27:51-56, Luke 23:45-49)
The Burial of Jesus (Friday before sundown) (Mark 15:42-46, Matthew 27:57-60, Luke 23:50-54, John 29:31-42)
Saturday Sabbath (Friday sunset until Saturday sunset)
The women watch over the tomb. Roman soldiers standing guard. Sunset Friday to Sunset Saturday
The real work of God was carried out behind the scenes. Outside of earth time! The Bible says much about the entire world being reconciled to God in the cosmic sacrifice of Jesus on that very weekend in Jerusalem.
Jesus carries all of the of the sin of everyone who ever lived (retroactive to Adam and Proactive to the end of time)—out of the universe into eternal hell—unto the cosmic garbage dump. This event was outside of our limited space-time domain, encompassing all time.
“For the love of Christ compels us, because we judge thus: that if One died for all, then all died; and He died for all, that those who live should live no longer for themselves, but for Him who died for them and rose again.
Therefore, from now on, we regard no one according to the flesh. Even though we have known Christ according to the flesh, yet now we know Him thus no longer. Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation; old things have passed away; behold, all things have become new.
Now all things are of God, who has reconciled us to Himself through Jesus Christ, and has given us the ministry of reconciliation, that is, that God was in Christ reconciling the world to Himself, not imputing their trespasses to them, and has committed to us the word of reconciliation.” (2 Corinthians 5:14-19)
“...knowing that you were not redeemed with corruptible things, like silver or gold, from your aimless conduct received by tradition from your fathers, but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot. He indeed was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you who through Him believe in God, who raised Him from the dead and gave Him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.” (1 Peter 1:18-21)
“But Christ came as High Priest of the good things to come, with the greater and more perfect tabernacle not made with hands, that is, not of this creation. Not with the blood of goats and calves, but with His own blood He entered the Most Holy Place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption. For if the blood of bulls and goats and the ashes of a heifer, sprinkling the unclean, sanctifies for the purifying of the flesh, how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without spot to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? And for this reason He is the Mediator of the new covenant, by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions under the first covenant, that those who are called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.
“For where there is a testament, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator. For a testament is in force after men are dead, since it has no power at all while the testator lives. Therefore not even the first covenant was dedicated without blood. For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and goats, with water, scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book itself and all the people, saying, “This is the blood of the covenant which God has commanded you.” Then likewise he sprinkled with blood both the tabernacle and all the vessels of the ministry. And according to the law almost all things are purified with blood, and without shedding of blood there is no remission.
“Therefore it was necessary that the copies of the things in the heavens should be purified with these, but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. For Christ has not entered the holy places made with hands, which are copies of the true, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us; not that He should offer Himself often, as the high priest enters the Most Holy Place every year with blood of another— He then would have had to suffer often since the foundation of the world; but now, once at the end of the ages, He has appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself. And as it is appointed for men to die once, but after this the judgment, so Christ was offered once to bear the sins of many. To those who eagerly wait for Him He will appear a second time, apart from sin, for salvation.” (Hebrews 9:11-28)
For Christ also suffered once for sins, the just for the unjust, that He might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive by the Spirit, by whom also He went and preached to the spirits in prison, who formerly were disobedient, when once the Divine longsuffering waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was being prepared, in which a few, that is, eight souls, were saved through water. There is also an antitype which now saves us—baptism (not the removal of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God), through the resurrection of Jesus Christ, who has gone into heaven and is at the right hand of God, angels and authorities and powers having been made subject to Him.” (1 Peter 3:18-22)
Did Christ Descend into Hell? | Jesus’ Death: Six Hours of Eternity on the Cross | Sacrifice Sunday
The old creation was in effect entirely replaced by a new. Wait and see. (Matthew 13:36-43)
Then Jesus sent the multitude away and went into the house. And His disciples came to Him, saying, “Explain to us the parable of the tares of the field.”
He answered and said to them: “He who sows the good seed is the Son of Man. The field is the world, the good seeds are the sons of the kingdom, but the tares are the sons of the wicked one. The enemy who sowed them is the devil, the harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are the angels. Therefore as the tares are gathered and burned in the fire, so it will be at the end of this age. The Son of Man will send out His angels, and they will gather out of His kingdom all things that offend, and those who practice lawlessness, and will cast them into the furnace of fire. There will be wailing and gnashing of teeth. Then the righteous will shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. He who has ears to hear, let him hear.”
A second great earthquake (Matthew 28:1-6)
He Is Risen (Mark 16:1–8; Luke 24:1–12; John 20:1–10, 11-18)
Now after the Sabbath, as the first day of the week began to dawn, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to see the tomb. And behold, there was a great earthquake; for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat on it. His countenance was like lightning, and his clothing as white as snow. And the guards shook for fear of him, and became like dead men.
But the angel answered and said to the women, “Do not be afraid, for I know that you seek Jesus who was crucified. He is not here; for He is risen, as He said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay.”
Appearances of Jesus (John 20:11-28, Matthew 28:9-10)
The tomb guards report to headquarters (Matthew 28:11-15)
Road to Emmaus Sunday afternoon (Mark 16:12-13, Luke 24:13-35)
Sunday evening gathering in Jerusalem (Mark 16:14, Luke 24:36-43, John 20:19-25)
Gathering one week later (John 20:26-31)
Appearance in Galilee (John 21)
Next Forty Days
Appearance to 500 followers (Mark 16:15-20, Matthew 28:16-20, 1Corinthians 15:6,7, Luke 24:44-49, Acts 1:3-8)
Ascension (Mark 16:19-20, Luke 24:50-53, Acts 1:9-12)
Pentecost (Acts 1ff) 50 days later.
See also: Nekrosis and Thanatos (Dying and Death)
July 23, 2019
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