Psalm 89

Wednesday Thunder Brethren: 
Just discovered Psalm 89!
God’s long term loyal love to David (1010-970 BC) will prevail until Israel is completely healed and vindicated. 
Our studies in Jeremiah are about a low point in Israel’s history when it seems there is no hope for Israel. Same thing happened again in 70 AD and in the Nazi Holocaust.
 Wonderful assurance for us when the sky is falling and we are hard pressed on all sides. If you are “in Christ” you are totally safe! 


We will do fine as long as we cling to Jesus. He may have to strip us down to bedrock as He did Job! We can’t contaminate New Jerusalem with our trash! 

Psalm 89

English Standard Version

I Will Sing of the Steadfast Love of the Lord

A Maskil of Ethan the Ezrahite.

I will sing of the steadfast love [chesed] of the Lord, forever;
    with my mouth I will make known your faithfulness to all generations.
2 For I said, “Steadfast love will be built up forever;
    in the heavens you will establish your faithfulness.”
3 You have said, “I have made a covenant with my chosen one;
 I have sworn to David my servant:
4 ‘I will establish your offspring forever,
    and build your throne for all generations.’” Selah

5 Let the heavens praise your)wonders, O Lord,
 your faithfulness in the assembly of the holy ones!
6 For who in the skies can be compared to the Lord?
Who among the heavenly beings is like the Lord,
7 a God greatly to be feared in the council of the holy ones,
    and awesome above all who are around him?

8 O Lord God of hosts,
  who is mighty as you are, O Lord,
    with your faithfulness all around you?
9 You rule the raging of the sea;
    when its waves rise, you still them.
10 You crushed Rahab like a carcass;
    you scattered your enemies with your mighty arm.

11 The heavens are yours; the earth also is yours;
the world and all that is in it, you have founded them.
12 The north and the south, you have created them;
Tabor and Hermon joyously praise your name.
13 You have a mighty arm;
    strong is your hand, high your right hand.

14 Righteousness and justice are the foundation of your throne;
steadfast love and faithfulness go before you.
15 Blessed are the people who know the festal shout,
    who walk, O Lord, in the light of your face,
16 who exult in your name all the day
    and in your righteousness are exalted.
17 For you are the glory of their strength;
    by your favor our horn is exalted.
18 For our shield belongs to the Lord,
    our king to the Holy One of Israel.

19 Of old you spoke in a vision to your godly one, and said:
    “I have granted help to one who is mighty;
    I have exalted one chosen from the people.
20 I have found David, my servant;
    with my holy oil I have anointed him,
21 so that my hand shall be established with him;
    my arm also shall strengthen him.
22 The enemy shall not outwit him;
the wicked shall not humble him.
23 I will crush his foes before him
    and strike down those who hate him.

24 My faithfulness and my steadfast love shall be with him,
    and in my name shall his horn be exalted.
25 I will set his hand on the sea
    and his right hand on the rivers.
26 He shall cry to me, ‘You are my Father,
    my God, and the Rock of my salvation.’
27 And I will make him the firstborn,
the highest of the kings of the earth.

28 My steadfast love I will keep for him forever,
    and my covenant will stand firm in [for] him.
29 I will establish his offspring forever
    and his throne as the days of the heavens.
30 If his children forsake my law
    and do not walk according to my rules,
31 if they violate my statutes
    and do not keep my commandments,
32 then I will punish their transgression with the rod
    and their iniquity with stripes,
33 but I will not remove from him my steadfast love
    or be false to my faithfulness.
34 I will not violate my covenant
    or alter the word that went forth from my lips.

35 Once for all I have sworn by my holiness;
    I will not lie to David.
36 His offspring shall endure forever,
his throne as long as the sun before me.
37 Like the moon it shall be established forever,
a faithful witness in the skies.” Selah

38 But now you have cast off and rejected;
    you are full of wrath against your anointed.
39 You have renounced the covenant with your servant;
    you have defiled his crown in the dust.

40 You have reached all his walls;
    you have laid his strongholds in ruins.
41 All who pass by plunder him;
    he has become  the scorn of his neighnors.
42 You have exalted the right hand of his foes;
    you have made all his enemies rejoice.
43 You have also turned back the edge of his sword,
    and you have not made him stand in battle.
44 You have made his splendor to cease
    and cast his throne to the ground.
45 You have cut short the days of his youth;
    you have covered him with shame. Selah

46 How long, O Lord? Will you hide yourself forever?
    How long will your wrath burn like fire?
47 Remember how short my time is!
    For what vanity you have created all the children of man!
48 What man can live and never see death?
    Who can deliver his soul from the power of Sheol? Selah

49 Lord, where is your steadfast love of old,
    which by your faithfulness you swore to David?
50 Remember, O Lord, how your servants are mocked,
    and how I bear in my of all the many nations,
51 with which your enemies mock, O Lord,
    with which they mock the footsteps of your anointed.
52 Blessed be the Lord forever!
Amen and Amen.


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Chesed Hebrew: חֶסֶד, also Romanized ḥesed) is a Hebrew word.

In its positive sense, the word is used of kindness or love between people, of piety of people towards God as well as of love or mercy of God towards humanity.
It is frequently used in Psalms in the latter sense, where it is traditionally translated "lovingkindness" in English translations.

In Jewish theology it is likewise used of God's love for the Children of Israel, and in Jewish ethics it is used for love or charity between people. 
Chesed in this latter sense of "charity" is considered a virtue on its own, and also for its contribution to tikkun olam (repairing the world).
It is also considered the foundation of many religious commandments practiced by traditional Jews, especially interpersonal commandments. 

Chesed is also one of the ten Sephirot on the Kabbalistic Tree of Life.
It is given the association of kindness and love, and is the first of the emotive attributes of the sephirot.

(Note from Lambert: There is a dark side to the Kabbalah to be avoided by us novices, similar to the cults and isms of Christianity.)

The root chasad has a primary meaning of "eager and ardent desire," used both in the sense "good, kind" and "shame, contempt."
 The noun chesed inherits both senses, on one hand "zeal, love, kindness towards someone" and on the other "zeal, ardour against someone; envy, reproach/"
In its positive it is used of mutual benevolence, mercy or pity between people, of piety of people towards God, as well as grace, favour or mercy of God towards people.

It occurs 248 times in the Hebrew Bible. In the majority of cases (149 times), the King James Bible translation is "mercy," following LXX eleos.
Less frequent translations are: "kindness" (40 times), "lovingkindness" (30 times), "goodness" (12 times),
"kindly" (5 times), "merciful" (4 times), "favour" (3 times) and "good", "goodliness", "pity" (once each).
Only two instances of the noun in its negative sense are in the text, translated "reproach" in Psalm 57:3, and "wicked thing" in Leviticus 20:17.

The translation of loving kindness in KJV is derived from the Coverdale Bible of 1535.
This particular translation is used exclusively of chesed used of the benign attitude of YHWH ("the LORD") or Elohim ("God") towards his chosen,
primarily invoked in Psalms (23 times), but also in the prophets, four times in Jeremiah, twice in Isaiah 63:7 and once in Hosea 2:19.
While "lovingkindness" is now considered somewhat archaic, it is part of the traditional rendition of Psalms in English Bible translations. 
Some more recent translations use "steadfast love" where KJV has "lovingkindness." (Wikipedia)

Chassedim

Note Added from Dave Roper: 

Lambert, it occurred to me recently that the plural of chesed is, as you know, chassedim, the word used of the pious. 

More properly it should mean, "The company of those who love and are loved by God."  David & Carolyn Roper 2503 Bruins CircleBoise, ID 83704208-376-6607 

 



Notes by Lambert Dolphin 



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December 14, 2021


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